The newborn was suffering from complex congenital heart disease
A one-day-old baby boy with abnormal positioning of the heart and other internal organs along with a low heartbeat rate received a new lease of life after doctors at Aster Medcity successfully implanted a pacemaker. The newborn was brought to Aster Medcity from a hospital in Palakkad, immediately after birth with complex congenital heart disease.
On arrival, the patient had a heart rate of just 40 beats per minute and mild bluish discolouration of the lips, according to the hospital authorities. He was immediately taken to the NICU, where the Neonatal team led by Dr Jose Paul and Dr Rajasree treated him with IV fluids. Paediatric Cardiologist Dr Amitoz Singh Baidwan found that the child had complex structural heart disease with multiple holes in the inner walls and narrowing of important arteries.
Interestingly, the medical team also found that the baby’s liver was left-sided whereas the stomach and heart right-sided. This condition is known as Situs Inversus with Dextrocardia. Besides, ECG showed complete heart block with a rate of 40 beats per minute, which was not compatible with a newborn’s normal heart rate between 110 -140 beats per minute. A lower heart rate can reduce the output of the heart, resulting in an inadequate blood supply to vital organs. Doctors decided on an urgent pacemaker insertion to save his life. A medical team under paediatric cardiovascular and thoracic surgeon Dr Sajan Koshy successfully implanted the pacemaker in a surgery that lasted an hour. Post-surgery, the newborn’s heart rate improved to 120 beats per minute. The baby became active and started taking breastfeeds the next day and was discharged from the hospital.
“Congenital heart block is a very rare condition, where babies at birth have a low heart rate. In the presence of another structural heart disease, and heart rate of less than 70 per minute needs a pacemaker according to international guidelines. The heart being on the right side was an added technical challenge,” said Dr Sajan Koshy, Pediatric Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgeon, Aster Medcity. He added that other problems of the heart will require correction in the subsequent assessment.
Hospital authorities stated the surgery was successful thanks to the teamwork of the Neonatology team, paediatric cardiologist and paediatric cardiovascular and thoracic surgeon at the hospital. The child requires further surgery at the age of three months, they added.